Antiquities and Monuments Office Brand Hong Kong - Asia's world city
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Frequently Ask Questions


The following table provides answers to the most frequently asked questions. If your enquiry is not included below, please contact us at 2208 4488 by phone or 2721 6216 by fax, we will answer your question as soon as possible.

Question Answer More Details
Is there a brief history of the Office?
The Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance was enforced in 1976. The Antiquities and Monuments Office and the Antiquities Advisory Board were also established in the same year to conserve places of historical and archaeological interest in Hong Kong.
What are the main duties of the Office?
The main duties of the Office are to search for, identify, record and conserve a wide range of items with historic interest as well as organize various programmes and activities to promote the importance of heritage conservation.
Who are the members of the Antiquities Advisory Board?
The Board is a statutory body consisting of members with expertise in various fields covered by the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance.
How long is the history of Hong Kong?
Ancient artifacts discovered from archaeological work in Hong Kong suggest that it was inhabited by early settlers around 6,000 years ago.
How many monuments have been declared in Hong Kong?
By 16 July 2021, 129 items have been declared as historical monuments under the Antiquities and Monuments Ordinance in Hong Kong.
Are all declared monuments already open to the public?
Most of the declared monuments owned by the government are already open to the public. The main reasons for not opening to the public those remaining are: (1) They are being used by Government departments, public or non-government organisations for specific purposes, such as schools or non-government welfare facilities, etc.; (2) They are not suitable for opening owing to their structural condition or public safety concern; and (3) They are not open for the time being pending completion of repair works or studies such as their feasibility for adaptive re-use.
Which are the Heritage Trails established by the Office?
The Office established three Heritage Trails, namely the Central and Western Heritage Trail (Central Route, Sheung Wan Route, and the Western District and the Peak Route), the Ping Shan Heritage Trail in Yuen Long, and the Lung Yeuk Tau Heritage Trail in Fanling.
Which are the most recent archaeological excavations in Hong Kong?
Sha Ha, Sai Kung (2001-02), Former Hollywood Road Police Married Quarters (formerly the school premises of the Central School (2007)) and Former Mountain Lodge (2007) are some of the archaeological excavations in Hong Kong in recent years.
What is the Friends of Heritage Scheme?
The Friends of Heritage Scheme is an educational programme established by the Office. It aims at enhancing public awareness of Hong Kong's heritage and equipping them with professional knowledge on heritage conservation through training programmes and activities.
How can I order pictures of declared monuments?
The public is welcome to order pictures of declared monuments. Please download a request form from the website, complete and return it to us by post or by fax.
How can I request more than 20 copies of pamphlets on monuments published by the Office?
The public is welcome to obtain the pamphlets on monuments published by the Office. If you require more than 20 copies, please download the form, and return it to us via fax, post or email.
How many sites of archaeological interest in Hong Kong have been recorded?
Through the two separate territory-wide surveys undertaken, there are 208 sites of archaeological interest in Hong Kong have been recorded. For details, please browse the archaeology part of this website.
How can I obtain information on Hong Kong archaeology?
The public is welcome to access our Hong Kong Archaeological Archive System through personal computer or mobile device to view some important archaeological finds discovered in Hong Kong. Reference materials on Hong Kong archaeology can be obtained from the Reference Library of the Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre. Please also visit our Permanent Exhibition in the Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre and Hong Kong Archaeological Archives (by appointment only) to acquire more information on local archaeology.
Can I actively take part in archaeological excavations?
Archaeological excavation sites are very similar to construction sites. There are different hazards and special care needs to be taken to prevent accidents. Therefore, only qualified persons with formal training are granted access to an excavation.
I have found something, what shall I do?
If someone finds something he considers antiquity or supposes antiquity, kindly contact the AMO at 2208 4400 to report the discovery as soon as you can. It is important that no unqualified person would continue further digging since an antiquity only gets its full significance when the contextual information it has been found in can be carefully studied.
What happens to archaeological finds after excavation?
Pottery sherds, bones or stone implements are carefully washed, labeled and accessioned. If enough fragments of a vessel have been found, the vessel may be assembled and restored. Other materials, such as metals, glass or fabrics may first have to undergo special conservation treatments to stop further deterioration. These finds are therefore sent to specialized laboratories. Human remains are studied by physical anthropologists and are treated with the utmost respect.

Representative objects may be chosen for further studies leading to publication. These finds are then drawn to scale and photographed. Their associated features and finds they have been found in are carefully studied. These results are compared with other sites to gain a broader picture.

Finally, all the finds are carefully packed and stored in archaeological repository. Some materials, such as metal objects or fabrics need to be stored in rooms where light, temperature and humidity are carefully controlled. Some important items will be put on display at the Hong Kong Heritage Discovery Centre and local museums.

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