Treasures from Sacred Hill: “Song-Yuan Archaeological Discoveries at Sung Wong Toi” and “Sung Wong Toi and Maritime Trade” Exhibition

Sacred Hill was a small hill located near the coast of Kowloon Bay in the past. During the Song-Yuan period, this area, known as "Guanfu Saltern", was for sea salt production. On top of the hill was a giant rock, inscribed with three huge characters "Sung Wong Toi", meaning "Terrace of the Song Emperors". This was in commemoration of the legend that two young monarchs of Southern Song dynasty fled to here to evade the Mongol onslaught. In the early twentieth century, Sung Wong Toi was a well-known tourist attraction in Hong Kong. However, drastic changes over time, especially those which took place during the Second World War and the expansion of Kai Tak Airport in the 1950s, completely levelled the Sacred Hill. The rock bearing the inscriptions "Sung Wong Toi" was cut out in 1956 and relocated to Sung Wong Toi Garden, where it still remains on display.

From 2012 to 2015, in response to the construction of the Sung Wong Toi Station, professional archaeologists were commissioned by the MTR Corporation Limited to conduct archaeological excavations at the site of Sacred Hill. A vast quantity of archaeological remains, dated to the Song and Yuan dynasties, was unearthed.

The display has been renewed in late March 2024. Illustrated with archaeological finds, including those recently repaired and reconstructed, historical photos and maps, the exhibition features the lives and economic activities of the people of the Song-Yuan period, the scenery of Sacred Hill and its environs in the past and the relationship between the finds unearthed at the site of Sung Wong Toi Station and maritime trade.


Concourse of Sung Wong Toi MTR Station

Opening Hours:

Same as the opening hours of Sung Wong Toi MTR Station

Inclement Weather Arrangement:

Please refer to MTR Corporation Ltd.’s latest announcement

Exhibit Highlights 

  1. Storm in a tea bowl ─ tea drinking fun in Song dynasty daily life
  2. Tea-drinking competition? Jianzhan, a favourite tea bowl for use in tea competitions in Song dynasty
  3. Were there fleets of carts and ships for cargo transportation in ancient times? ─ Logistics and transportation in Song dynasty
  4. The global circulation of Song dynasty copper coins: Copper coins and maritime trade
  5. Residential architecture of Song dynasty: An expression of practicality and auspiciousness?
  6. Incense burners used for other than sacrificial purposes: The customs of incense burning in Song dynasty
  7. Song dynasty scholar-desk objects ─ Stone brush holder and water dropper in turtle shape

Exhibition Pamphlet

Exhibition Pamphlet